Narrations opposing the view that the Imams ع have been granted independent authority over all of creation, and thus making miracles happen by use of it. Rather the narrations indicate these miracles happen as a result of answered prayers.
Abu ‘Abdallah عليه السلام has said: “Once, al-Hassan ibn Ali عليه السلام went outside the town with a man from the children of al-Zubayr who believed al-Hassan to be the Imam. They stopped for rest on one of the oases under a palm tree that had dried up due to lack of water. A furnishing was spread for Imam al-Hassan عليه السلام, under that tree and for al-Zubayr the furnishings were arranged under a tree just next to it.Al-Kafi, Volume 1, pg 462, H4
The narrator has said that al-Zubayr looked up the tree and said, ‘I wish this tree had fruits so we could eat from them.’
Al-Hassan عليه السلام asked, ‘Do you wish to have dates?’ He said, ‘Yes, I do wish to have dates.’
He (al-Hassan عليه السلام) raised his hands to the sky and spoke certain words that I did not understand.
The tree turned green. It returned to its normal condition, its leaves grew and it became loaded with dates.
The man from whom they had hired camels begun to say, ‘It by Allah, is magic.’
Al-Hassan عليه السلام said, ‘Woe is upon you, it is not magic. It is a prayer of the grandson of a prophet that is answered.’
They climbed the tree to pick the dates that were there and it provided enough for their needs.’”
‘Abd al-Salih عليه السلام (Imam al-Kadhim) once passed by a woman in Mina who was weeping and her children around her also were weeping because her cow was dead.Al-Kafi, Volume 1, pg 484, H6
He went close to her and asked, ‘What has caused you to weep O slave of Allah?’
She said, ‘O servant of Allah, we have orphan children. Our cow that was the means for our living has died and we are left without any means of living.’
He asked, ‘Will you be happy if I will bring your cow back to life?’
She was just inspired to say, ‘Yes, O servant of Allah I will be very happy.’
He stepped aside and said two Rak‘at prayers. He then raised his hands and gently moved his lips.
He then stood up and called the cow to get up. He pushed the cow with his foot or a staff and she was up straight standing.
When the woman looked at the cow she cried and said, ‘Jesus, son of Mary, I swear by the Lord of the Ka‘ba (he is Jesus).’
Many people gathered around and he disappeared among them and went.’”
When al-Husayn عليه السلام was martyred, Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya asked Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام for a private meeting.Al-Kafi, Volume 1, pg 348, H5
In the meeting he said, “O son of my brother, you know that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله delivered the task of al-Wasiyya, (the executor-ship of the will) and al-Imamat, (Leadership with Divine Authority) thereafter it was delivered to al-Hassan عليه السلام and then to al-Husayn عليه السلام. Your father, may Allah be pleased with him has been murdered, may Allah grant blessing up on his soul, and he did make any will. I am your uncle and equal in status to your father and I am a son of Ali عليه السلام. Because of being older in age I am more deserving of the the position of Imamat considering that you are younger than me. Therefore, you should not dispute with me about al-Wasiyya, the will and Imamat, leadership and should argue with me about it.”
Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام said, “O uncle, be pious before Allah and do not claim in what you have no right. I advise not to be of the ignorant people. In fact, my father (Hussain) عليه السلام, O my uncle, appointed me as the executor of his will before his leaving for Iraq. He made such covenant with me just an hour before his becoming a martyr. This is the Armament of the Messenger of Allah with me. You then should not dislocate them. I am afraid for you of a shorter life and quandary of conditions. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, has placed al-Wasiyya, and Imamat in the descendants of al-Husayn عليه السلام. If you would like to know it we can go near the Blackstone and fro judgment and ask it about the issue.”
Abu Ja’far عليه السلام has said that the issue came up between them in Makka and they went near the Blackstone.
Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام said to Muhammad al-Hanafiya, “You begin first and pray to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, and ask Him to make the Blackstone speak to you and then ask your question.”
Muhammad then pleaded in his prayer and asked Allah and then ask the Blackstone about the disputed issue but there was no answer.
Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام said, “O uncle, had you been the Executor of the will and the Imam it would have answered your question”.
Muhammad then said, “Now you pray to Allah, O son of my brother and ask your question”.
Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام prayed to Allah for what he wanted then addressing the Blackstone said, “I ask you for the sake of the One Who placed the covenant of the prophets in you, as well as the covenant of the executors of the will and the covenant of all the peole. You must tell us who the Wasiyy and Imam after al-Husayn عليه السلام?”
The narrator has said that the Blackstone began to shake so much that it almost came out of its place.
Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, then made it to speak in clear Arabic language and said, “O Lord, al-Wasiyya and Imamat after al-Husayn ibn Ali عليه السلام is for Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali ibn abu Talib عليه السلام and ibn Fatima سلام الله عليها daughter of the the Messenger of Allah.”
The narrator has said that Muhammad Ali عليه السلام returned back and he acknowledged Ali ibn al-Husayn عليه السلام to be his Wali (Leadership with Divine Authority).”
Even though he was one of the proponents of the theory of al-wilāyah al-takwīniyyah. He stated the alternative view of the scholars:
Rather, that which is implied by their statements –especially those of marhum Majlisi [Taqi al-Majlisi, father and teacher of Baqir al-Majlisi] – is that it would be [affirmation of impermissible] tafwid to believe that someone other than God, the Exalted, can create, cause death, provide sustenance and give life, that one who holds such a belief is an unbeliever (kafir) and no rational person would doubt its being tantamount to apostasy. Moreover, they have considered the matter of miracles (mujazat) and miraculous feats (karamat) as being totally a result of answered prayer, wherein God is the agent of the occurrences.Forty Hadiths, pg 602