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The Right of a Wife on her Husband

Compilation of some ahadith from this chapter and related chapters from Al-Kafi.


إسحاق ابن عمار قال: قلت لأبي عبد الله (عليه السلام): ما حق المرأة على زوجها الذي إذا فعله كان محسنا؟ قال: يشبعها ويكسوها وإن جهلت غفر لها، وقال أبو عبد الله (عليه السلام): كانت امرأة عند أبي (عليه السلام) تؤذيه فيغفر لها.

I once asked Abi ‘Abdallah عليه السلام about the right of woman on her husband for which when he yields is a man of good deeds. He (the Imam) said: ‘He must provide her sufficient food, clothes and forgive her if she acted ignorantly.’ Abu ‘Abdallah عليه السلام has said: ‘My father had a woman who would disappoint him (the Imam) but he would forgive her.’

Al-Kafi, Vol 5, pg 510-511


قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله): أيضرب أحدكم المرأة ثم يظل معانقها.

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله has said: ‘How can one of you hurt the woman whom he continues to embrace?’

Al-Kafi, Vol 5, pg 509


أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) قال: اتقوا الله في الضعيفين – يعني بذلك اليتيم والنساء – وإنما هن عورة.

Abi ‘Abdallah عليه السلام has said: ‘You must maintain piety before Allah about two weak ones’- he thereby meant the orphans and women and that ‘they (women) must be treated with great privacy.’

Al-Kafi, Vol 5, pg 511


قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله): أوصاني جبرئيل (عليه السلام) بالمرأة حتى ظننت أنه لا ينبغي طلاقها إلا من فاحشة مبينة.

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله has said: ‘Jibril advised me about women (so much) that I began to think of divorce as an improper act unless it is because of openly proven indecency.’

Al-Kafi, Vol 5, pg 512


أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) قال: خير نسائكم التي إذا خلت مع زوجها خلعت له درع الحياء وإذا لبست لبست معه درع الحياء.

Abi ‘Abdallah عليه السلام has said: ‘The best of your women are those who in privacy removes the shield of shyness (haya) before her husband and when dressed up dresses with him the shield of shyness (haya).’

Al-Kafi, Vol 5, pg 324


قال أمير المؤمنين (عليه السلام) خير نسائكم الخمس (1)، قيل: يا أمير المؤمنين وما الخمس؟ قال: الهينة اللينة، المؤاتية التي إذ غضب زوجها لم تكتحل بغمض حتى يرضى وإذا غاب عنها زوجها حفظته في غيبته فتلك عامل من عمال الله وعامل الله لا يخيب (2).

Amir al-Mu’minin عليه السلام has said: ‘The best of your women are five.’ It was asked, ‘O ’Amir al-Mu’minin what kind of five are they?’ He (the Imam) replied, ‘Simple, nice and suitable, when her husband becomes angry or depressed, does not neglect him until she finds him pleased, and when he is absent she protects him in his absence and that is a worker from Allah and the worker from Allah does not fail.’

Al-Kafi, Vol 5, pg 325

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